alexa Hydration dynamics and time scales of coupled water-protein fluctuations
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Author(s): Li T, Hassanali AA, Kao YT, Zhong D, Singer SJ

Abstract Share this page

We report experimental and theoretical studies on water and protein dynamics following photoexcitation of apomyoglobin. Using site-directed mutation and with femtosecond resolution, we experimentally observed relaxation dynamics with a biphasic distribution of time scales, 5 and 87 ps, around the site Trp7. Theoretical studies using both linear response and direct nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (MD) calculations reproduced the biphasic behavior. Further constrained MD simulations with either frozen protein or frozen water revealed the molecular mechanism of slow hydration processes and elucidated the role of protein fluctuations. Observation of slow water dynamics in MD simulations requires protein flexibility, regardless of whether the slow Stokes shift component results from the water or protein contribution. The initial dynamics in a few picoseconds represents fast local motions such as reorientations and translations of hydrating water molecules, followed by slow relaxation involving strongly coupled water−protein motions. We observed a transition from one isomeric protein configuration to another after 10 ns during our 30 ns ground-state simulation. For one isomer, the surface hydration energy dominates the slow component of the total relaxation energy. For the other isomer, the slow component is dominated by protein interactions with the chromophore. In both cases, coupled water−protein motion is shown to be necessary for observation of the slow dynamics. Such biologically important water−protein motions occur on tens of picoseconds. One significant discrepancy exists between theory and experiment, the large inertial relaxation predicted by simulations but clearly absent in experiment. Further improvements required in the theoretical model are discussed.
  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in J Am Chem Soc and referenced in Journal of Biomolecular Research & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version