Author(s): Nagasawa K, Tarui T, Yoshida S, Sekiguchi F, Matsunami M,
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Abstract We investigated if stimulation of T-type Ca(2+) channels with sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a donor of hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), could cause neuronal differentiation of NG108-15 cells. Like dibutyryl cyclic AMP (db-cAMP), treatment with NaHS at 1.5-13.5 mM for 16 h enhanced neurite outgrowth in a concentration-dependent manner. Synergistic neuritogenic effect was obtained in the cells stimulated with NaHS in combination with db-cAMP at subeffective concentrations. Exposure to NaHS or db-cAMP for 2 days resulted in enhancement of expression of high-voltage-activated currents consisting of N-, P/Q-, L- and also other types, but not of T-type currents. Mibefradil, a pan-T-type channel blocker, abolished the neuritogenesis induced by NaHS, but not by db-cAMP. The NaHS-evoked neuritogenesis was also completely blocked by pretreatment with BAPTA/AM, a chelator of intracellular Ca(2+), and by zinc chloride at a concentration known to selectively inhibit Ca(v)3.2 isoform of T-type Ca(2+) channels, but not Ca(v)3.1 or Ca(v)3.3. Further, L-ascorbate, recently proven to selectively inhibit Ca(v)3.2, abolished the neuritogenic effect of NaHS, but not db-cAMP. Our data thus demonstrate that NaHS/H(2)S is a novel inducer of neuronal differentiation in NG108-15 cells, as characterized by neuritogenesis and expression of high-voltage-activated currents, and suggest the involvement of T-type Ca(2+) channels, especially Ca(v)3.2.
This article was published in J Neurochem
and referenced in Journal of Cell Signaling