Author(s): Peake BF, Nicholson CK, Lambert JP, Hood RL, Amin H,
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Abstract Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) therapy protects nondiabetic animals in various models of myocardial injury, including acute myocardial infarction and heart failure. Here, we sought to examine whether H2S therapy provides cardioprotection in the setting of type 2 diabetes. H2S therapy in the form of sodium sulfide (Na2S) beginning 24 h or 7 days before myocardial ischemia significantly decreased myocardial injury in db/db diabetic mice (12 wk of age). In an effort to evaluate the signaling mechanism responsible for the observed cardioprotection, we focused on the role of nuclear factor E2-related factor (Nrf2) signaling. Our results indicate that diabetes does not alter the ability of H2S to increase the nuclear localization of Nrf2, but does impair aspects of Nrf2 signaling. Specifically, the expression of NADPH quinine oxidoreductase 1 was increased after the acute treatment, whereas the expression of heme-oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was only increased after 7 days of treatment. This discrepancy was found to be the result of an increased nuclear expression of Bach1, a known repressor of HO-1 transcription, which blocked the binding of Nrf2 to the HO-1 promoter. Further analysis revealed that 7 days of Na2S treatment overcame this impairment by removing Bach1 from the nucleus in an Erk1/2-dependent manner. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that exogenous administration of Na2S attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in db/db mice, suggesting the potential therapeutic effects of H2S in treating a heart attack in the setting of type 2 diabetes.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism