Author(s): Tunek A, Levin E, Svensson LA
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Tritiated bambuterol, a bis-dimethylcarbamate prodrug of terbutaline, was incubated in vitro with blood from both sexes of the following species: man, guinea pig, rat, mouse, dog and rabbit. The rates of hydrolysis of bambuterol to its monocarbamate derivative and further to terbutaline were measured. Large species variations were observed, e.g. blood from two of the human subjects was 15-fold more active than blood from the male rats. The rate of terbutaline formation as a function of initial bambuterol concentration was investigated in human plasma, and was found to describe a bell-shaped curve. Several pieces of evidence indicated that butyrylcholinesterase (EC 18.104.22.168) is the blood enzyme predominantly responsible for hydrolysis of bambuterol, although minor contributions from other esterases cannot be excluded. An exception may be blood from the rabbit, where the kinetics of the hydrolysis was different than in blood from the other species. The kinetics of bambuterol hydrolysis is discussed on basis of the established mechanism of carbamate interactions with cholinesterases, and the high affinity of bambuterol for butyrylcholinesterase.
This article was published in Biochem Pharmacol
and referenced in Drug Designing: Open Access