Author(s): Lieberman RB, Ollis DF, Lieberman RB, Ollis DF, Lieberman RB, Ollis DF, Lieberman RB, Ollis DF
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Abstract Pancreatic lipase has been immobilized onto stainless steel beads by adsorption followed by crosslinking, and onto polyacrylamide by covalent bonding. The activities of the two types of immobilized enzyme toward the particulate substrate, tributyrin emulsion droplets, were determined experimentally, and rate constants based on Michaelis-Menten kinetics were calculated. The activity of the stainless steel-lipase was determined for various flow conditions and for various support sizes by the use of a differential fluidized bed recycle reactor. The rate constants calculated indicate that the experimental reaction rate is free from mass transfer influences, since the observed Michaelis constant does not vary with the fluidization velocity or with the support particle size. In addition, the Michaelis constant of the stainless steel-lipase was found to be equal to that of the free enzyme, suggesting that adsorption and subsequent crosslinking does not alter the enzyme-substrate affinity. The emulsion substrate mass transfer rates, calculated from the filtration theory, indicate that each substrate particle which contact the immobilized enzyme is hydrolyzed to a significant extent. The experimentally determined kinetic rate constants may be used directly to predict the size of integral fluidized bed reactors.
This article was published in Biotechnol Bioeng
and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences