Author(s): Sies H, Summer KH
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Abstract 1. Metabolism of added hydroperoxides was studied in hemoglobin-free perfused rat liver and in isolated rat hepatocytes as well as microsomal and mitochondrial fractions. 2. Perfused liver is capable of removing organic hydroperoxides [cumene and tert-butyl hydroperoxide] at rates up to 3--4 mumol X min-1 X gram liver-1. Concomitantly, there is a release of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) into the extracellular space in a relationship approx. linear with hydroperoxide infusion rates. About 30 nmol GSSG are released per mumol hydroperoxide added per min per gram liver. GSSG release is interpreted to indicate GSH peroxidase activity. 3. GSSG release is observed also with added H2O2. At rates of H2O2 infusion of about 1.5 mumol X min-1 X gram liver-1 a maximum of GSSG release is attained which, however, can be increased by inhibition of catalase with 3-amino-1,2,4-aminotriazole. 4. A contribution of the endoplasmic reticulum in addition to glutathione peroxidase in organic hydroperoxide removal is demonstrated (a) by comparison of perfused livers from untreated and phenobarbital-pretreated rats and (b) in isolated microsomal fractions, and a possible involvement of reactive iron species (e.g. cytochrome P-450-linked peroxidase activity) is discussed. 5. Hydroperoxide addition to microsomes leads to rapid and substantial lipid peroxidation as evidenced by formation of thiobarbituric-acid-reactive material (presumably malondialdehyde) and by O2 uptake. Like in other types of induction of lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde/O2 ratios of 1/20 are observed. Cumene hydroperoxide (0.6 mM) gives rise to 4-fold higher rates of malondialdehyde formation than tert-butyl hydroperoxide (1 mM). Ethylenediamine tetraacetate does not inhibit this type of lipid peroxidation. 6. Lipid peroxidation in isolated hepatocytes upon hydroperoxide addition is much lower than in isolated microsomes or mitochondria, consistent with the presence of effective hydroperoxide-reducing systems. However, when NADPH is oxidized to the maximal extent as evidenced by dual-wavelength spectrophotometry, lipid peroxidation occurs at large amounts. 7. A dependence of hydroperoxide removal rates upon flux through the pentose phosphate pathway is suggested by a stimulatory effect of glucose in hepatocytes from fasted rats and by an increased rate of 14CO2 release from [1-14C]glucose during hydroperoxide metabolism in perfused liver.
This article was published in Eur J Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics