Author(s): Wu XX, Guller S, Rand JH
OBJECTIVE: Antibody-mediated disruption of the annexin A5 anticoagulant shield has been posited to be a thrombogenic mechanism in the antiphospholipid syndrome. We recently showed that the antimalarial drug, hydroxychloroquine, dissociates antiphospholipid immune complexes and restores annexin A5 binding to planar phospholipid bilayer. Using quantitative immunoassays, we demonstrated similar effects on BeWo trophoblasts. We therefore, investigated the effects of the drug on localization of annexin A5 in primary cultures of human placental syncytiotrophoblasts.
STUDY DESIGN: Laser confocal microscopy with computer-based morphometric analysis was used to localize annexin A5 and antiphospholipid antibodies on syncytiotrophoblasts exposed to polyclonal and monoclonal antiphospholipid and control immunoglobulin-Gs.
RESULTS: Hydroxychloroquine reversed the effects of the antiphospholipid antibodies on the syncytiotrophoblasts by markedly reducing immunoglobulin-G binding and restoring annexin A5 expression.
CONCLUSION: These results provide the first morphologic evidence for this effect of hydroxychloroquine on human placental syncytiotrophoblasts and support the possibility of novel treatments that target antiphospholipid antibody binding.Journal of Allergy & Therapy