Author(s): Sasaki Y, Ladner DG, Cole LA
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of hyperglycosylated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG-H) produced at the time of implantation as a predictor of pregnancy success. DESIGN: Measuring daily urine hCG and hCG-H on the day of implantation. The time of implantation was assumed to be the first day of hCG detection (total hCG >1 mIU/mL). SETTING: Urine samples were collected at volunteers' homes throughout city of Albuquerque. PATIENT(S): 110 women attempting to conceive spontaneously; 62 achieved pregnancies (42 to term and 20 failed). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Measurements of the total hCG and hCG-H, and calculations of the proportion of hCG-H. RESULT(S): In all 42 term pregnancies, the proportion of hCG-H on the day of implantation was >50\%. This was also true for 7 of the 20 failures. Statistically significant lower proportions of hCG-H (<50\%) were observed in 13 of 20 pregnancies that eventually failed. The predictive values of proportion of hCG-H, concentration of hCG-H, total hCG, and regular hCG alone for detecting failures were 100\%, 59\%, 41\%, and 21\%, respectively. CONCLUSION(S): Hyperglycosylated is produced by cytotrophoblast cells in early pregnancy at the time of implantation. Effective proportions of hCG-H (>50\%) are required for successful growth and invasion by cytotrophoblasts at the time of implantation. Low proportions of hCG-H at implantation predict failure and are likely to be the root of many pregnancy failures. The 7 of 20 failures with normal proportions of hCG-H were likely due to genetic, immune, or maternal causes. Measurement of a proportion of hCG-H <50\% on the day of implantation absolutely indicates a failing pregnancy.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Journal of Glycobiology