alexa Hypermethylation of the imprinted NNAT locus occurs frequently in pediatric acute leukemia.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Author(s): Kuerbitz SJ, Pahys J, Wilson A, Compitello N, Gray TA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent studies have demonstrated imprinting of the human neuronatin (NNAT) gene. NNAT maps to 20q11.2-q12, a region exhibiting loss of heterozygosity in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease. To investigate possible epigenetic dysregulation of genes in this region relevant to leukemogenesis, we analyzed methylation of the NNAT gene in normal tissues and in leukemias. We found a differential methylation pattern, typical of imprinted genes, at sites in the CpG island containing NNAT exon 1 in normal pituitary, peripheral blood cells and bone marrow-derived CD34-positive hematopoietic progenitor cells. Substantial or complete loss of the unmethylated NNAT allele was observed in leukemia cell lines and in 20 of 29 (69\%) acute myeloid or lymphoid leukemia samples. While most highly expressed in brain, NNAT mRNA was also detected in normal hematopoietic progenitor cells and in leukemia cells exhibiting the normal methylation pattern, although not in hypermethylated leukemia cells. Demethylation by treatment of hypermethylated leukemia cells with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine resulted in reactivation of NNAT expression, concomitant with a reversion to the normal methylation pattern. The data demonstrate that hypermethylation of the NNAT locus is a frequent event in both myeloid and lymphoid acute leukemias of childhood. Aberrant hypermethylation of the NNAT locus suggests that the dysregulation of genes at 20q11.2-q12 in leukemia may be the result of epigenetic as well as genetic events.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Meeting on Women's Health and Breast Cancer
    Oct 12, 2017, Dubai, UAE
  • International Conference on Gynecology and Obstetrics Pathology
    October 23-24, 2017 Orlando, USA
  • 5th International Conference on HIV/AIDS, STDs and STIs
    Nov 13-14, 2017, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version