Author(s): SeguraEgea JJ, JimenezMoreno E, CalvoMonroy C, RosSantos JV, VelascoOrtega E,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of apical periodontitis and endodontic treatment in hypertensive patients and control subjects without hypertension. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, the records of 40 hypertensive patients and 51 control subjects were examined. Periapical status of all teeth was assessed by using the periapical index score. RESULTS: Apical periodontitis in 1 or more teeth was found in 75\% of hypertensive patients and in 61\% of control subjects (P = .15; odds ratio, 1.94; 95\% confidence interval, 0.78-4.81). One or more root-filled teeth were found in 45\% and 39\% of hypertensive and control subjects, respectively (P > .0.5). Among hypertensive patients 5.2\% of the teeth had apical periodontitis, whereas in the control subjects 4.2\% of teeth were affected (P > .05). The percentages of root-filled teeth in the study and control groups were 3.1\% and 1.8\%, respectively (P > .05). Among hypertensive patients 65\% of root-filled teeth had apical periodontitis, whereas in the control subjects 43\% of the root-filled teeth were associated with apical periodontitis (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of apical periodontitis and endodontic treatment was not significantly different in hypertensive patients compared with control subjects without hypertension. Copyright © 2010 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Endod
and referenced in Dentistry