Author(s): Mast H, Thompson JL, Lee SH, Mohr JP, Sacco RL
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Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We investigated the relationship between hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and lacunes. METHODS: From 1237 cases of ischemic stroke in the Stroke Data Bank of the National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, data from 637 patients whose initial computed tomogram showed lacunar (n = 184) or nonlacunar infarcts (n = 453) were analyzed. The group with lacunar infarcts was further divided into subgroups according to whether the patients had multiple (n = 40) or single (n = 144) lacunar infarcts. The association of hypertension and diabetes mellitus with lacunar infarcts was investigated using logistic regression models that included age, sex, and cardiac disease. Similar models were used to analyze the effects of diastolic and systolic blood pressure. RESULTS: Hypertension (odds ratio [OR], 2.5; 95\% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 6.0) and diabetes (OR, 2.3; 95\% CI, 1.1 to 4.5) were significantly related to multiple but not to single lacunes. Cardiac disease was inversely associated with both single and multiple lacunes. Diastolic blood pressure significantly affected the probability of multiple lacunar infarcts (OR, 1.4; 95\% CI, 1.04 to 1.9), whereas systolic pressure did not. CONCLUSIONS: There may be etiologically distinct lacunar infarct subgroups, with multiple lacunes being strongly related to hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Other stroke risk factors may be more important in patients with single lacunes. Diastolic rather than systolic pressure seems to be a major determinant of multiple lacunes.
This article was published in Stroke
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism