Author(s): Islam MS, Mitsuhashi N, Akimoto T, Sakurai H, Hasegawa M,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract We investigated cell susceptibility to hyperthermia-induced apoptosis in two rat yolk sac tumor cell lines (RYSTs) and attempted to correlate this with the known potentially relevant molecular determinants of apoptosis, p53 protein status, Bcl-2 family of proteins and heat shock proteins (Hsp). Parent cell line, NMT-1 (carrying wild-type p53 gene) was radiosensitive but thermoresistant compared to the variant cell line, NMT-1R (mutated type p53), which was isolated from NMT-1 by repeated radiation exposure. Induction of apoptosis by hyperthermia at 43 degrees C was morphologically detected in both RYSTs using hematoxylin and eosin, and TUNEL staining and additionally confirmed by DNA ladder formation (the cleavage of DNA into oligonucleosomal fragments). Western blot analysis showed an increase in expression of p53, p21WAF1/CIP1, Hsp70 proteins in both cell lines after heat-shock at 43 degrees C for 30 min. Hsp90 expression increased in NMT-1 but was not affected by heating in NMT-1R cells, whereas hyperthermia exerted no effect on the endogenous expression of Bax. Bcl-2 protein could not be detected in either RYST. These results suggest that hyperthermia induced apoptosis in both NMT-1 and NMT-1R and apoptosis in RYSTs may be independent of p53-dependent signaling pathway.
This article was published in Oncol Rep
and referenced in Andrology-Open Access