alexa Hypertrophic agonists stimulate the activities of the protein kinases c-Raf and A-Raf in cultured ventricular myocytes.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Bogoyevitch MA, Marshall CJ, Sugden PH

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Abstract We detected expression of two Raf isoforms, c-Raf and A-Raf, in neonatal rat heart. Both isoforms phosphorylated, activated, and formed complexes with mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 in vitro. However, these isoforms were differentially activated by hypertrophic stimuli such as peptide growth factors, endothelin-1 (ET1), or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) that activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. Exposure of cultured ventricular myocytes to acidic fibroblast growth factor activated c-Raf but not A-Raf. In contrast, TPA produced a sustained activation of A-Raf and only transiently activated c-Raf. ET1 transiently activated both isoforms. TPA and ET1 were the most potent activators of c-Raf and A-Raf. Both utilized protein kinase C-dependent pathways, but stimulation by ET1 was also partially sensitive to pertussis toxin pretreatment. cRaf was inhibited by activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase although A-Raf was less affected. Fetal calf serum, phenylephrine, and carbachol were less potent activators of c-Raf and A-Raf. These results demonstrate that A-Raf and c-Raf are differentially regulated and that A-Raf may be an important mediator of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade activation when cAMP is elevated.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

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