alexa Hypocretin orexin contributes to the expression of some but not all forms of stress and arousal.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Furlong TM, Vianna DM, Liu L, Carrive P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Hypocretin/orexin has a well-established role in wakefulness and in the maintenance of arousal. Because stress is associated with arousal, it has been proposed that hypocretin is also involved in stress. However, it is not clear if this is true for all forms of stress. To clarify this issue, we compared four conditions combining high arousal with no or low stress (wakefulness and exploration) or high stress (contextual fear and restraint) in the rat. We looked at Fos expression in hypocretin neurons, hypocretin-1 levels in cerebrospinal fluid and cardiovascular and behavioural changes after pharmacological blockade with the dual hypocretin receptor antagonist, almorexant. Fos expression in hypocretin neurons was highest with wakefulness and exploration, also high with fear but not significant with restraint. Hypocretin-1 levels were consistent with this pattern, although the differences were not as marked. Hypocretin receptor blockade with almorexant reduced the pressor, tachycardic and locomotor responses of wakefulness and exploration as well as the pressor and sympathetic component of the tachycardic response of fear. In contrast, almorexant did not reduce the pressor and tachycardic responses of restraint and nor did it reduce the pressor, tachycardic and locomotor responses of another stressor, i.e. cold exposure. Thus, hypocretin is not involved in all forms of stress. Comparison of the different conditions suggests that, regardless of stress, hypocretin involvement occurs when the arousal associated with the response includes increased attention to environmental cues. When it does, hypocretin will at least contribute to the cardiovascular response. The findings are of clinical relevance to some forms of psychological stress. This article was published in Eur J Neurosci and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords