alexa Hypotensive epidural anesthesia for total hip arthroplasty: a review.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Sharrock NE, Salvati EA

Abstract Share this page

Hypotensive epidural anesthesia provides arterial hypotension to maintain a mean arterial pressure of 50 mmHg and it can be used to reduce blood loss during total hip replacement. The technique combines an extensive epidural blockade with an intravenous infusion of low-dose epinephrine. This results in arterial hypotension, but with preservation of central venous pressure, heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and an augmentation of blood flow to the lower extremity. The technique does not appear to adversely affect cardiac, renal, or cerebral function and is used safely in patients with hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and in the elderly. Intraoperative blood losses during primary total hip replacement are between 100 and 300 mL. Perioperative transfusions have declined with the introduction of the technique. Radiological evidence of improved fixation of cemented acetabular components has been observed. Rates of deep-vein thrombosis are low: 2-3% proximal deep-vein thrombosis with an overall rate of 10%. In-hospital mortality is 0.1%; lower than previously published rates. In conclusion, hypotensive epidural anesthesia is safe and provides a number of advantages over conventional anesthetic techniques for total hip replacement.

  • To read the full article Visit
  • Open Access
This article was published in Acta Orthop Scand. and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords