Author(s): Fuller BJ, Lee CY
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Abstract Hypothermic perfusion preservation (HPP) was an integral step in the development of early clinical transplantation programmes, and considerable progress was made in understanding the basic principles underlying the technique. In subsequent years, the development of better preservation solutions for cold hypoxic storage, along with pragmatic choices made on grounds of costs and logistics, saw a fall in the application of HPP. More recently, the acute shortage of suitable organ donors and the inevitable pressure to use organs from sub-optimal (or expanded criteria) donors, has forced a re-evaluation of HPP, and the development of a new generation of HPP machines and associated perfusion solutions. This review sets out the historical development of HPP across the range of organs in which the method was originally investigated, describes the biological benefits and drawbacks associated with HPP, and sets out the most recent literature on the topic (including comments on the interest in use of higher temperatures in organ perfusion).
This article was published in Cryobiology
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research