Author(s): Casals G, Ros J, Sionis A, Davidson MM, MoralesRuiz M,
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Abstract B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a peptide hormone of myocardial origin with significant cardioprotective properties. Patients with myocardial ischemia present with high levels of BNP in plasma and elevated expression in the myocardium. However, the molecular mechanisms of BNP induction in the ischemic myocardium are not well understood. The aim of the investigation was to assess whether myocardial hypoxia induces the production of BNP in human ventricular myocytes. To test the hypothesis that reduced oxygen tension can directly stimulate BNP gene expression and release in the absence of hemodynamic or neurohormonal stimuli, we used an in vitro model system of cultured human ventricular myocytes (AC16 cells). Cells were cultured under normoxic (21\% O(2)) or hypoxic (5\% O(2)) conditions for up to 48 h. The accumulation of BNP, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was then measured. Hypoxia stimulated the protein release of BNP and VEGF but not ANP. In concordance, the increased mRNA levels of BNP and VEGF but not ANP were found on culturing AC16 cells under hypoxic conditions. The analysis of the transcriptional activity of the hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) in nuclear extracts showed that HIF-1 activity was induced under hypoxic conditions. Finally, the treatment of AC16 cells with the HIF-1 inhibitor rotenone in hypoxia inhibited BNP and VEGF release. In conclusion, these data indicate that hypoxia induces the synthesis and secretion of BNP in human ventricular myocytes, likely through HIF-1-enhanced transcriptional activity.
This article was published in Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol
and referenced in Journal of Medical & Surgical Pathology