alexa Ideal amino acid profile for chicks during the first three weeks posthatching.
Agri and Aquaculture

Agri and Aquaculture

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

Author(s): Baker DH, Han Y

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Abstract Two chick bioassays with chemically defined amino acid (AA) diets were conducted to compare three different AA profiles: the NRC 1984 and NRC 1994 requirement profile and the Illinois Ideal Chick Protein (IICP) AA profile. The two battery studies involved chicks during the 2nd and 3rd wk after hatching. In Assay 1, indispensable AA (including glycine and proline) were ratioed to lysine according to requirement ratios present in NRC 1984 and NRC 1994, with digestible lysine set at either deficient (.80\% of diet) or superadequate (1.12\% of diet) levels for the purified diet in question. All diets were kept isonitrogenous (2.83\% N) by varying the level of L-glutamic acid. At .80\% lysine, chicks fed the NRC 1994 AA profile gained 60\% faster (P < .01) than those fed the NRC 1984 AA profile. With excess digestible lysine (1.12\%) and all other indispensable AA increased proportionately, chicks fed NRC 1994 still out-gained those fed NRC 1984 by 13\% (P < .05). Ratios of AA (with respect to lysine) in NRC 1994 were equal to or higher than those in IICP, except for histidine. This was due to a lower estimated lysine requirement in NRC 1994 than that used for IICP. When NRC 1994 was compared with IICP in a chick bioassay involving isonitrogenous diets (2.36\% N) and digestible lysine set at a deficient level of .90\%, weight gain and feed efficiency were similar between diets. This result suggested that most of the indispensable AA in the NRC 1994 AA profile were too high relative to lysine, probably because lysine, the reference AA, was too low relative to the other AA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Poult Sci and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development

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