alexa Ideal anthropomorphic values of the female breast: correlation of pluralistic aesthetic evaluations with objective measurements.
Surgery

Surgery

Reconstructive Surgery & Anaplastology

Author(s): Liu YJ, Thomson JG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: In determining ideal anthropomorphic values of the female breast, previous studies relied on the aesthetic judgments of 1 plastic surgeon alone or conveyed no aesthetic judgment. METHODS: Anthropomorphic measurements were recorded from the breasts of 109 female volunteers. Images of their breasts were arranged into a computerized survey, and plastic surgeons, cosmetic breast surgery patients, and reconstructive breast surgery patients were interviewed for aesthetic feedback. RESULTS: In all, 252 plastic surgeons, 15 cosmetic patients, and 25 reconstructive patients submitted 4446 evaluations. The ideal sternal notch to nipple distance was 21 to 21.5 cm, the ideal nipple to base distance was 6 cm, and the ideal base to inframammary fold distance was 2 cm. These and other ideal anthropomorphic measurements were calculated and compared with previously published values. Among cosmetic patients, insufficient cleavage had the most negative effect on aesthetic value, and among reconstructive patients, severe asymmetry had the most negative effect. CONCLUSIONS: Ideal anthropomorphic values were similar among plastic surgeons and patients, and these values will be useful in achieving quantitative breast surgery. In cosmetic patients, operative planning should focus more on superomedial fullness of the breast to create cleavage, and in reconstructive patients, postoperative asymmetry should be minimized. This article was published in Ann Plast Surg and referenced in Reconstructive Surgery & Anaplastology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords