Author(s): Sarau HM, Mong S, Foley JJ, Wu HL, Crooke ST
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Abstract The leukotriene D4 (LTD4) receptor on rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-1) cell membranes was characterized using a radioligand binding assay. [3H]LTD4 binding to RBL-1 membrane receptors was stereoselective, specific, and saturable. The binding affinity and maximum binding density of [3H]LTD4 to RBL-1 membrane receptors were 0.9 +/- 0.2 nM and 800 +/- 125 fmol/mg protein, respectively. Binding of [3H]LTD4 to the receptors was enhanced by divalent cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, and Mn2+) and inhibited by guanine nucleotides and sodium ions, specifically, indicating that a guanine nucleotide-binding protein may regulate the agonist-receptor interaction. LTD4, LTE4 agonist and antagonist analogs competed with the radioligand in binding to the RBL-1 LTD4 receptors. The binding affinities of these analogs correlated with (a) those determined from the guinea pig lung LTD4 receptors and (b) the pharmacological activities in smooth muscle contraction. LTD4 and related agonists also induced time- and concentration-dependent phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis in RBL-1 cells. The LTD4 induction of inositol 1-phosphate was potent, stereoselective, specific, and was blocked by LTD4 receptor antagonists. The rank order potency of agonist-induced inositol 1-phosphate formation in RBL-1 cells was equivalent to the receptor binding affinity determined using either RBL-1 cell or guinea pig lung membranes. These studies have demonstrated the G protein coupled LTD4 receptors on RBL-1 cell membranes. Binding of agonists to the receptor may activate the G protein-regulated phospholipase C to induce hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol. The hydrolytic products of phosphatidylinositol, possibly inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol, may be the intracellular messengers for LTD4 receptors in RBL-1 cells.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System