Author(s): Izumi S, Yamamoto M, Suzuki K, Shimizu A, Aranishi F
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Abstract Pseudomonas plecoglossicida is the agent of bacterial haemorrhagic ascites (BHA) in freshwater fish farming in Japan. To develop a rapid identification and detection method for P. plecoglossicida, a PCR amplification technique targeting the chromosomal DNA region coding the B subunit of the DNA gyrase (gyrB) was used. The nucleotide sequences of gyrB were determined in nine isolates of P. plecoglossicida and two other Pseudomonas species. On the basis of these determined sequences and the gyrB sequences of other Pseudomonas species or fish pathogenic bacteria deposited in international nucleotide sequence databases (GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ), PCR primers PL-G1F, PL-G1R, PL-G2F and PL-G2R were designed for specific amplification of the partial gyrB of P. plecoglossicida. The specificity of these primers in amplifying the gyrB of P. plecoglossicida was verified using selected strains of related bacterial species. The nested PCR technique was used to detect P. plecoglossicida from kidney and intestine of ayu. Primer pair PL-G1F and PL-G1R was used for the external PCR, and primer pair PL-G2F and PL-G2R for the internal PCR. Of 10 ayu juveniles, expected size PCR products were observed from intestine and kidney samples in one and two specimens, respectively. The PCR technique with primers based on the gyrB sequence is thus useful for the diagnosis of BHA.
This article was published in J Fish Dis
and referenced in Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development