alexa Identification and quantification of para-phenylenediamine in a temporary black henna tattoo.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Brancaccio RR, Brown LH, Chang YT, Fogelman JP, Mafong EA,

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Abstract BACKGROUND: Temporary black henna tattoos are very popular as body adornment. Although contact allergy to natural henna is unusual, the inclusion of hair dye, p-phenylenediamine (PPD), increases the risk of contact sensitization. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to identify the presence and concentration of PPD in a black henna tattoo mixture to which our patient developed contact allergy. METHODS: The presence of PPD in a black henna tattoo mixture, various samples of commercially available henna powders, and several hair dye products was qualitatively and quantitatively detected using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). RESULTS: This study demonstrated that PPD was present in the black henna tattoo mixture at a concentration of 15.7\%, which is significantly higher than commercial hair dye preparations. CONCLUSION: The presence of PPD in black henna tattoo mixtures in high concentration poses a health hazard and a risk of allergic contact sensitization with potential long-term consequences. Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
This article was published in Am J Contact Dermat and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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