Author(s): Bucheton B, Argiro L, Chevillard C, Marquet S, Kheir MM,
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Abstract Binding of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) to the IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) triggers a series of intracellular events culminating in lymphocyte proliferation and differentiation. We report here the identification of a novel G245R polymorphism in the membrane proximal domain of the IL-2 receptor beta chain (IL-2Rbeta). Present at a frequency of 7.2\%, the IL-2-Rbeta G245R was identified in a population of Eastern Sudan exposed to a severe outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), a disease associated with a marked depression of T-cell antigen-specific responses. The location of the G245R polymorphism next to the box1/box2 proximal cytokine receptor homology segment and suggestive genetic association with the development of disease (P=0.043), suggest that it may affect Janus kinase (JAK) association and impair growth signal transduction. However, additional genetic association with a synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (IL2RB+8777T) suggests that other variations of IL2RB or nearby genes participate in the highly significant linkage with VL at 22q12 previously reported for this population.
This article was published in Genes Immun
and referenced in Journal of Cytokine Biology