alexa Identification of amino acids essential for the antiangiogenic activity of tumstatin and its use in combination antitumor activity.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Eikesdal HP, Sugimoto H, Birrane G, Maeshima Y, Cooke VG

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Tumstatin is an angiogenesis inhibitor that binds to alphavbeta3 integrin and suppresses tumor growth. Previous deletion mutagenesis studies identified a 25-aa fragment of tumstatin (tumstatin peptide) with in vitro antiangiogenic activity. Here, we demonstrate that systemic administration of this tumstatin peptide inhibits tumor growth and angiogenesis. Site-directed mutagenesis identified amino acids L, V, and D as essential for the antiangiogenic activity of tumstatin. The tumstatin peptide binds to alphavbeta3 integrin on proliferating endothelial cells and localizes to select tumor endothelium in vivo. Using 3D molecular modeling, we identify a putative interaction interface for tumstatin peptide on alphavbeta3 integrin. The antitumor activity of the tumstatin peptide, in combination with bevacizumab (anti-VEGF antibody), displays significant improvement in efficacy against human renal cell carcinoma xenografts when compared with the single-agent use. Collectively, our results demonstrate that tumstatin peptide binds specifically to the tumor endothelium, and its antiangiogenic action is mediated by alphavbeta3 integrin, and, in combination with an anti-VEGF antibody it exhibits enhanced tumor suppression of renal cell carcinoma.

This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

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