Author(s): Higashi N, Higuchi M, Hanada N, Oeda J, Kobayashi Y,
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Abstract Macrophages are activated by a two-step mechanism involving at least two kinds of factors, a priming and a triggering factor, to become cytotoxic to various tumor cells. In the present study, we purified macrophage-activating factor for cytotoxicity I (MAF-C I), defined as a priming macrophage activating factor (MAF), by about 1,600-fold from the culture supernatant of a human T cell hybridoma, H3-E9-6, by a series of chromatographic procedures. We identified MAF-C I activity released from H3-E9-6 cells as interleukin-2 (IL-2) from the following findings. (i) The physicochemical properties of MAF-C I and IL-2 were almost identical. (ii) Purified MAF-C I active fraction also showed T cell proliferating activity. (iii) MAF-C I activity in the purified fraction was completely neutralized by anti-IL-2 antibodies. (iv) Human recombinant IL-2 (rIL-2), at a suboptimal dose, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synergistically induced monocyte-mediated cytotoxicity.
This article was published in J Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Cytokine Biology