Author(s): Colonno R, Rose R, McLaren C, Thiry A, Parkin N,
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Abstract Atazanavir (ATV) is a once-daily human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) protease inhibitor (PI) shown to be effective and well tolerated. ATV has a distinct resistance profile relative to other PIs, with susceptibility maintained against 86\% of isolates resistant to 1-2 PIs. Clinical isolates obtained from PI-naive patients designated as experiencing virologic failure while receiving ATV-containing regimens contained a unique isoleucine-to-leucine substitution at amino acid residue 50 (I50L) of the HIV-1 protease. The I50L substitution, observed in all isolates exhibiting phenotypic resistance to ATV, emerged in a variety of different backgrounds and was most frequently accompanied by A71V, K45R, and/or G73S. Viruses containing an I50L substitution were growth impaired, displayed ATV-specific resistance, and had increased susceptibilities (=0.4 of reference strain) to other PIs. Comparison of viruses bearing I50L with those bearing I50V revealed specific resistance to ATV and amprenavir, respectively, with no evidence of cross-resistance. The unique I50L substitution is the signature mutation for resistance to ATV.
This article was published in J Infect Dis
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals