Author(s): Imbaby IA, Mahmoud MA, Hassan ME, AbdElAziz AR, Imbaby IA, Mahmoud MA, Hassan ME, AbdElAziz AR
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Abstract Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina Eriks., is a common and widespread disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Egypt. Host resistance is the most economical, effective, and ecologically sustainable method of controlling the disease. Molecular markers help to determine leaf rust resistance genes (Lr genes). The objective of this study was to identify Lr genes in fifteen wheat cultivars from Egypt. Ten genes, Lr13, Lr19, Lr24, Lr26, Lr34, Lr35 Lr36, Lr37, Lr39, and Lr46, were detected in fifteen wheat cultivars using various molecular markers. The most frequently occurring genes in fifteen Egyptian wheat cultivars were Lr13, Lr24, Lr34, and Lr36 identified in all the cultivars used, followed by Lr26 and Lr35 (93\%), Lr39 (66\%), Lr37 (53\%), and Lr46 (26.6\%) of the cultivars, and finally Lr19 was present in 33.3\% of cultivars. It is concluded that there was a good variation in Lr genes carried by wheat cultivars commercially grown in Egypt. Therefore, strategies for deploying resistance genes to prolong effective disease resistance are suggested to control wheat leaf rust disease.
This article was published in ScientificWorldJournal
and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology