Author(s): Boyerinas B, Park SM, Shomron N, Hedegaard MM, Vinther J,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small RNA molecules of approximately 20 to 22 nucleotides that reduce expression of proteins through mRNA degradation and/or translational silencing. Each known miRNA has a large number of predicted targets. Members of the let-7/miR-98 family of miRNAs are up-regulated at the end of embryonic development. Let-7 is often down-regulated early during cancer development, suggesting that let-7-regulated oncofetal genes (LOG) may become reexpressed in cancer cells. Using comparative bioinformatics, we have identified 12 conserved LOGs that include HMGA2 and IMP-1/CRD-BP. IMP-1 has growth-promoting activities through stabilization of c-myc mRNA. We experimentally confirmed that IMP-1 is a direct let-7 target that promotes cell growth and motility of tumor cells, and we confirmed by proteomics analysis that IMP-1 and HMGA2 are major miRNA targets. Our data suggest that a substantial part of the growth inhibitory activities of let-7 comes from suppressing the expression of IMP-1. LOGs could be novel therapeutic targets and potential biomarkers for cancer treatment.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis