Author(s): Moon JH, Tsushida T, Nakahara K, Terao J
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Abstract The potential beneficial effect of dietary quercetin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) has attracted much attention in relation to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. It is generally recognized that dietary quercetin is subject to metabolic conversion resulting in conjugated forms during absorption and circulation. However, no quercetin conjugates have yet been identified from biological fluids or tissues. In the present study, we isolated and characterized two quercetin conjugates from the plasma of quercetin-administered rats. The blood plasma was collected from 26 rats 30 min after oral administration of quercetin (250 mg/kg body weight), concentrated, dissolved in 2\% acetic acid aqueous solution (pH 2.65), and extracted with ethyl acetate. Two compounds (P2, P3) were obtained from the extract by repeated reversed-phase HPLC. On the other hand, two quercetin glucuronides were synthesized chemically and identified as quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucuronide (Q3GA) and quercetin 4'-O-beta-D-glucuronide (Q4'GA), as determined from FABMS, 1H- and 13C-NMR, and HMBC data. The retention times of P2 and P3 in the HPLC chromatogram corresponded to those of Q3GA and Q4'GA, respectively. FABMS data demonstrated that P2 and P3 are quercetin monoglucuronides. 1H-NMR data for P2 were completely in agreement with those for Q3GA. P2 was therefore identified as Q3GA. This is, to our knowledge, the first evidence that Q3GA accumulates in vivo after oral administration of quercetin. Q3GA is likely to act as an effective antioxidant in blood plasma low-density lipoprotein, because this conjugated metabolite was found to possess a substantial antioxidant effect on copper ion-induced oxidation of human plasma low-density lipoprotein as well as 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activity.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology