alexa Identification of resting and type I IFN-activated human NK cell miRNomes reveals microRNA-378 and microRNA-30e as negative regulators of NK cell cytotoxicity.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Wang P, Gu Y, Zhang Q, Han Y, Hou J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract NK cells are important innate immune cells with potent cytotoxicity that can be activated by type I IFN from the host once infected. How NK cell cytotoxicity is activated by type I IFN and then tightly regulated remain to be fully elucidated. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, or miRs) are important regulators of innate immune response, but the full scale of miRNome in human NK cells remains to be determined. In this study, we reported an in-depth analysis of miRNomes in resting and IFN-α-activated human NK cells, found two abundant miRNAs, miR-378 and miR-30e, markedly decreased in activated NK cells by IFN-α, and further proved that miR-378 and miR-30e directly targeted granzyme B and perforin, respectively. Thus, IFN-α activation suppresses miR-378 and miR-30e expression to release cytolytic molecule mRNAs for their protein translation and then augments NK cell cytotoxicity. Importantly, the phenomena are also confirmed in human NK cells activated by other cytokines and even in the sorted CD16(+)CD56(dim)CD69(+) human NK cell subset. Finally, miR-378 and miR-30e were proved to be suppressors of human NK cell cytotoxicity. Taken together, our results reveal that downregulated miR-378 and miR-30e during NK cell activation are negative regulators of human NK cell cytotoxicity, providing a mechanistic explanation for regulation of NK cell function by miRNAs. This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version