Author(s): Lloyd B, Szkely G, Harders M
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Abstract Mass spring models are frequently used to simulate deformable objects because of their conceptual simplicity and computational speed. Unfortunately, the model parameters are not related to elastic material constitutive laws in an obvious way. Several methods to set optimal parameters have been proposed, but so far only with limited success. We analyze the parameter identification problem and show the difficulties, which have prevented previous work from reaching wide usage. Our main contribution is a new method to derive analytical expressions for the spring parameters from an isotropic linear elastic reference model. The method is described and expressions for several mesh topologies are derived. These include triangle, rectangle and tetrahedron meshes. The formulae are validated by comparing the static deformation of the MSM with reference deformations simulated with the finite element method.
This article was published in IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph
and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology