alexa Idiopathic and secondary forms of retroperitoneal fibrosis: a diagnostic approach.
Clinical Research

Clinical Research

Journal of Clinical Case Reports

Author(s): Urban ML, Palmisano A, Nicastro M, Corradi D, Buzio C,

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Abstract Retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) is an uncommon disease characterized by a fibrous reaction that takes place in the peri-aortic retroperitoneum and often entraps the ureters causing obstructive uropathy. RPF is idiopathic in the majority of cases, but can also be secondary to malignancies, infections, drugs, radiotherapy, and rare histiocytic disorders such as Erdheim-Chester disease. Idiopathic RPF is an immune-mediated disease, which can either be isolated, associated with other autoimmune diseases, or arise in the context of a multifocal fibro-inflammatory disorder recently renamed as IgG4-related disease. The differential diagnosis between idiopathic, IgG4-related and secondary RPF is crucial, essentially because the therapeutic approaches - especially of idiopathic vs. secondary RPF - can be dramatically different. This review focuses on the clinical, laboratory and imaging features of the different RPF forms, and also provides an overview of the available treatment options. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier SAS. This article was published in Rev Med Interne and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports

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