Author(s): Burgos SA, Cant JP
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Abstract Using the MAC-T cell line as a model, the effects of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 on the regulation of protein synthesis through the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling in bovine mammary epithelial cells were evaluated. Global rates of protein synthesis increased by 47\% within 30 min of IGF-1 treatment. The effect of IGF-1 on protein synthesis was associated with enhanced association of the eukaryotic initiation factor (eIF) 4E with eIF4G and a concomitant reduction of eIF4E association with eIF4E-binding protein-1 (4E-BP1). There was a progressive increase in the phosphorylation state of ribosomal protein S6 kinase-1, a downstream target of mTORC1 in response to IGF-1. In addition, IGF-1 stimulated mTORC1 kinase activity toward 4E-BP1 in vitro. Phosphorylation on Ser473 of Akt was induced by IGF-1 within 5 min and remained elevated throughout a 30-min time course. The effect of IGF-1 on Akt phosphorylation was also concentration dependent. Activation of Akt by IGF-1 led to increased phosphorylation of tuberous sclerosis complex 2 on Thr1426, without any change in its association with tuberous sclerosis complex 1. Phosphorylation of proline-rich Akt substrate of 40-kDa (PRAS40) at Thr246 was stimulated by IGF-1. The amount of PRAS40 associated with mTORC1 decreased in response to IGF-1, and PRAS40 binding to mTORC1 was inversely related to its phosphorylation level. Overall, these results suggest that activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway by IGF-1 stimulated global protein synthesis in bovine mammary epithelial cells through changes in the phosphorylation and association state of components of the mTORC1 signaling pathway. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Domest Anim Endocrinol
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