Author(s): Butt AJ, Fraley KA, Firth SM, Baxter RC
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Abstract IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) has both antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects on the growth of human breast cancer cells in vitro. However, the mechanisms governing these effects are not well understood. IGFBP-3 has been shown to associate with the cell surface through carboxyl-terminal residues. This suggests that it may interact with a specific cell surface receptor, although a signaling receptor for IGFBP-3 has not yet been fully characterized. IGFBP-3 also translocates to the nucleus and has been shown to interact with the nuclear RXRalpha, with evidence that this interaction may mediate its growth inhibitory and proapoptotic effects. Here we demonstrate that a mutant form of IGFBP-3 that has reduced cell surface binding and does not translocate to the nucleus is still growth inhibitory, elicits a potent G(1) cell cycle arrest, and induces apoptosis via modulation of Bcl-2 family members in human breast cancer cells. This suggests the existence of multiple pathways by which IGFBP-3 elicits its growth effects.
This article was published in Endocrinology
and referenced in Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science