Author(s): Batra RK, Guttridge DC, Brenner DA, Dubinett SM, Baldwin AS,
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Abstract Current paradigms in cancer therapy suggest that activation of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) by a variety of stimuli, including some cytoreductive agents, may inhibit apoptosis. Thus, inhibiting NF-kappaB activation may sensitize cells to anticancer therapy, thereby providing a more effective treatment for certain cancers. E-1-deleted adenoviral (Ad) vectors encoding a "superrepressor" form of the NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaBalpha (AdIkappaBalphaSR) or beta-galactosidase (AdLacZ) were tested alone and in combination with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in lung cancer cells for sensitization of the cells to death. Following transduction with AdIkappaBalphaSR, lung cancer cells expressed IkappaBalphaSR in a dose-dependent manner. Probing nuclear extracts of lung cancer cells with NF-kappaB-sequence-specific oligonucleotides indicated that there was a minimal amount of NF-kappaB in the nucleus at baseline and an expected and dramatic increase in nuclear NF-kappaB following exposure of cells to TNF-alpha. Control E-1-deleted AdLacZ did not promote NF-kappaB activation. Importantly, AdIkappaBalphaSR-mediated gene transfer resulted in the complete block of nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB by specific binding of its p65/relA component with transgenic IkappaBalphaSR. At the cellular level, transduction with AdIkappaBalphaSR resulted in increased cytotoxicity in lung cancer cells as opposed to transduction with equivalent doses of AdLacZ. In addition, whereas the parental cells were resistant to TNF-alpha-mediated cytotoxicity, IkappaBalphaSR-transduced cells could be sensitized to TNF-alpha. Consequently, AdIkappaBalphaSR transduction followed by exposure to TNF-alpha uniformly resulted in the death of non-small-cell lung cancer cells. These data suggest that novel approaches incorporating IkappaBalpha gene therapy may have a role in the treatment of lung cancer.
This article was published in Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences