alexa IL-1 cytokines in cardiovascular disease: diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic implications.


Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Apostolakis S

Abstract Share this page

Interleukins (ILs) are key mediators in the chronic vascular inflammatory response underlying several aspects of cardiovascular disease. Due to their powerful pro-inflammatory potential, and the fact that they are highly expressed by almost all cell types actively implicated in atherosclerosis, members of the IL-1 cytokine family were the first to be investigated in the field of vessel wall inflammation. The IL-1 family is comprised of five proteins that share considerable sequence homology: IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), IL-18 (also known as IFNgamma-inducing factor), and the newly discovered ligand of the ST2L receptor, IL-33. Expression of IL-1s and their receptors has been demonstrated in atheromatous tissue, and serum levels of IL-1-cytokines have been correlated with various aspects of cardiovascular disease and their outcome. In vitro studies have confirmed pro-atherogenic properties of IL-1alpha, IL-1beta and IL-18 such as, up-regulation of endothelial adhesion molecules, the activation of macrophages and smooth muscle cell proliferation. In contrast with this, IL-1Ra, a natural antagonist of IL-1, possesses anti-inflammatory properties, mainly through the endogenous inhibition of IL-1 signaling. IL-33 was identified as a functional ligand of the, till recently, orphan receptor, ST2L. IL-33/ST2L signaling has been reported as a mechanically activated, cardioprotective paracrine system triggered by myocardial overload. As the roles of individual members of the IL-1 family are being revealed, novel therapies aimed at the modulation of interleukin function in several aspects of cardiovascular disease, are being proposed. Several approaches have produced promising results. However, none of these approaches has yet been applied in clinical practice.

This article was published in Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Vascular Biology & Medicine
    July 24-25, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • International Conference on Angiology
    Oct 16-17, 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • 21st International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
    October 16-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version