Author(s): Downing LJ, Strieter RM, Kadell AM, Wilke CA, Austin JC,
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Abstract Vein wall inflammation associated with venous thrombosis is mediated by an imbalance in proinflammatory as compared with antiinflammatory molecules. We hypothesize that IL-10 is an important antiinflammatory cytokine that influences vein wall inflammation and thrombus propagation during venous thrombosis. To test this hypothesis a model of inferior vena caval thrombosis was used. Studies were performed at sacrifice 2 days after thrombus induction and included leukocyte morphometrics, myeloperoxidase activity, vein wall permeability, thrombus weight, and IL-10 ELISA analysis from the vein wall. IL-10 was elevated in the vein wall during venous thrombosis. Neutralization of IL-10 increased inflammation, while supplementation with rIL-10 demonstrated a dose- and time-dependent decrease in inflammation. Interestingly, a low 2.5-microg rIL-10 dose given at time of initiation of thrombosis most significantly decreased inflammation. Thrombus weight was importantly diminished by reconstitution of IL-10. These studies support an important role for IL-10 in the regulation of thrombus-associated inflammation and thrombosis and suggest that IL-10 could be used as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of venous thrombosis.
This article was published in J Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Thrombosis and Circulation: Open Access