Author(s): Rajagopalan G, Kudva YC, Sen MM, Marietta EV, Murali N,
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Abstract Interleukin (IL)-10 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine and ablation of IL-10 exacerbates Th1-type autoimmune diseases. Even though type 1 diabetes (T1D) in NOD mice is believed to be Th1-mediated, the incidence and severity of T1D is unaltered in IL-10-deficient NOD mice raised under pathogen-free conditions. We describe for the first time, the outcome of IL-10 deficiency on islet and other organ-specific autoimmunity in NOD mice raised in a conventional facility. IL-10-deficient NOD mice under such conditions were protected from spontaneous as well as cyclophosphamide-induced diabetes, but were susceptible to diabetes induced by adoptive transfer of splenocytes from spontaneously diabetic NOD mice. Whereas the incidence of rectal prolapse was very high in this NOD.IL-10(-/-) mouse colony, IL-10-deficient C57Bl/6 mice raised under similar conditions seldom developed rectal prolapse. While injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) significantly reduced insulitis, it did not ameliorate colitis in IL-10-deficient NOD mice indicating differential regulation of organ-specific autoimmunity by CFA. Phenotypic characterization of IL-10(-/-) mice revealed a significant increase in splenic macrophage numbers in NOD but not on the B6 background. This was accompanied by a heightened systemic inflammatory cytokine response and mortality following in vivo challenge with a toll-like receptor 9 agonist, CpG-containing DNA.
This article was published in Cytokine
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology