alexa IL-10-deficiency unmasks unique immune system defects and reveals differential regulation of organ-specific autoimmunity in non-obese diabetic mice.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Rajagopalan G, Kudva YC, Sen MM, Marietta EV, Murali N,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Interleukin (IL)-10 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine and ablation of IL-10 exacerbates Th1-type autoimmune diseases. Even though type 1 diabetes (T1D) in NOD mice is believed to be Th1-mediated, the incidence and severity of T1D is unaltered in IL-10-deficient NOD mice raised under pathogen-free conditions. We describe for the first time, the outcome of IL-10 deficiency on islet and other organ-specific autoimmunity in NOD mice raised in a conventional facility. IL-10-deficient NOD mice under such conditions were protected from spontaneous as well as cyclophosphamide-induced diabetes, but were susceptible to diabetes induced by adoptive transfer of splenocytes from spontaneously diabetic NOD mice. Whereas the incidence of rectal prolapse was very high in this NOD.IL-10(-/-) mouse colony, IL-10-deficient C57Bl/6 mice raised under similar conditions seldom developed rectal prolapse. While injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) significantly reduced insulitis, it did not ameliorate colitis in IL-10-deficient NOD mice indicating differential regulation of organ-specific autoimmunity by CFA. Phenotypic characterization of IL-10(-/-) mice revealed a significant increase in splenic macrophage numbers in NOD but not on the B6 background. This was accompanied by a heightened systemic inflammatory cytokine response and mortality following in vivo challenge with a toll-like receptor 9 agonist, CpG-containing DNA. This article was published in Cytokine and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords