alexa IL-17 and IL-22 are associated with protection against human kala azar caused by Leishmania donovani
Dermatology

Dermatology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

Author(s): Maira GR Pitta, Audrey Romano, Sandrine Cabantous, Sandrine Henri, Awad Hammad

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IL-17 and IL-22 have been shown to increase protection against certain bacteria and fungal pathogens in experimental models. However, no human studies have demonstrated a crucial role of IL-17 and IL-22 in protection against infections. We show here that Leishmania donovani, which can cause the lethal visceral disease Kala Azar (KA), stimulates the differentiation of Th17 cells, which produce IL-17, IL-22, and IFN-γ. Analysis of Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokine responses by cultured PBMCs from individuals in a cohort of subjects who developed KA or were protected against KA during a severe outbreak showed that IL-17 and IL-22 were strongly and independently associated with protection against KA. Our results suggest that, along with Th1 cytokines, IL-17 and IL-22 play complementary roles in human protection against KA, and that a defect in Th17 induction may increase the risk of KA.

This article was published in J Clin Invest and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology Research

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