Author(s): Wu H, Craft ML, Wang P, Wyburn KR, Chen G,
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Abstract IL-18 is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by macrophages and other cell types present in the kidney during ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), but its role in this injury is unknown. Here, compared with wild-type mice, IL-18(-/-) mice subjected to kidney IRI demonstrated better kidney function, less tubular damage, reduced accumulation of neutrophils and macrophages, and decreased expression of proinflammatory molecules that are downstream of IL-18. For determination of the relative contributions of leukocytes and parenchymal cells to IL-18 production and subsequent kidney damage during IRI, bone marrow-chimeric mice were generated. Wild-type mice engrafted with IL-18(-/-) hemopoietic cells showed less kidney dysfunction and tubular damage than IL-18(-/-) mice engrafted with wild-type bone marrow. In vitro, macrophages produced IL-18 mRNA and protein in response to ischemia. These data suggest bone marrow-derived cells are the key contributors to IL-18-mediated effects of renal IRI. Finally, similar to IL-18(-/-) mice, pretreatment of wild-type mice with IL-18-binding protein was renoprotective in this model of IRI. In conclusion, IL-18, derived primarily from cells of bone marrow origin, contributes to the renal damage observed during IRI. IL-18-binding protein may have potential as a renoprotective therapy.
This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol
and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access