alexa IL-21 down-regulates NKG2D DAP10 expression on human NK and CD8+ T cells.
Immunology

Immunology

Immunome Research

Author(s): Burgess SJ, Marusina AI, Pathmanathan I, Borrego F, Coligan JE, Burgess SJ, Marusina AI, Pathmanathan I, Borrego F, Coligan JE

Abstract Share this page

Abstract IL-21 is a recently described cytokine, produced by activated Th cells, that shares significant homology with members of the IL-2 family of cytokines. IL-21 mediates its biological effects via the IL-21R in conjunction with the common receptor gamma-chain that is also shared by members of the IL-2 family. We report that culture of human primary NK and CD8+ T cells with IL-21 in combination with IL-2 results in significant reduction of the cell surface expression of NKG2D, compared with that in cells treated with IL-2 alone. The reduced expression of NKG2D after IL-21 culture had functional consequences for NK cell function, as assessed by NKG2D-mediated redirected lysis assays and degranulation assays, compared with NK cells treated with IL-2 alone. IL-21-mediated NKG2D down-regulation in human NK cells correlated with a marked reduction of DNAX-activating protein of 10 kDa (DAP10) transcription in cells treated with IL-2 in combination with IL-21 compared with cells stimulated with only IL-2. This was attributed to a dramatic reduction in DAP10 promoter activity, as assessed by a DAP10 luciferase reporter construct. In contrast to NKG2D expression, IL-21 was able to induce the expression of the NK activation receptors NKp30 and 2B4 as well as the costimulatory receptor CD28 on CD8+ T cells. These data indicate that IL-21 is able to channel NK and CD8+ T cell function by altering the expression pattern of activation/costimulatory receptors.
This article was published in J Immunol and referenced in Immunome Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords