alexa IL-21-induced Bepsilon cell apoptosis mediated by natural killer T cells suppresses IgE responses.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Harada M, MagaraKoyanagi K, Watarai H, Nagata Y, Ishii Y,

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Abstract Epidemiological studies have suggested that the recent increase in the incidence and severity of immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated allergic disorders is inversely correlated with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccination; however, the underlying mechanisms remain uncertain. Here, we demonstrate that natural killer T (NKT) cells in mice and humans play a crucial role in the BCG-induced suppression of IgE responses. BCG-activated murine Valpha14 NKT cells, but not conventional CD4 T cells, selectively express high levels of interleukin (IL)-21, which preferentially induces apoptosis in Bepsilon cells. Signaling from the IL-21 receptor increases the formation of a complex between Bcl-2 and the proapoptotic molecule Bcl-2-modifying factor, resulting in Bepsilon cell apoptosis. Similarly, BCG vaccination induces IL-21 expression by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in a partially NKT cell-dependent fashion. BCG-activated PBMCs significantly reduce IgE production by human B cells. These findings provide new insight into the therapeutic effect of BCG in allergic diseases.
This article was published in J Exp Med and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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