Author(s): Hvid M, Vestergaard C, Kemp K, Christensen GB, Deleuran B,
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Abstract Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease associated with a T(H)2 response and increased levels of T(H)2-associated cytokines and IgE. The mechanisms resulting in skewing the immune response in a T(H)2 direction in AD are not fully elucidated. However, such skewing has recently been associated with IL-25 in a murine model for allergic airway disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether IL-25 may have a role in AD. We have identified IL-25-producing cells within the dermis of AD patients and propose that these cells are dendritic cells (DCs). This is supported by in vitro experiments that indicate that monocyte-derived DCs are capable of producing IL-25. As null mutations of filaggrin are associated with the development of an impaired skin barrier in AD, we investigated whether IL-25 affects filaggrin synthesis by keratinocytes. Using mRNA analysis, we have shown that IL-25 stimulation does indeed decrease filaggrin synthesis in cultured keratinocytes. These results suggest that IL-25 produced by DCs could have a dual role as both an inducer of the T(H)2 response and as an inhibitor of filaggrin synthesis, thereby directly affecting skin barrier function in AD patients.
This article was published in J Invest Dermatol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology