alexa IL-31 regulates differentiation and filaggrin expression in human organotypic skin models.


Immunogenetics: Open Access

Author(s): Cornelissen C, Marquardt Y, Czaja K, Wenzel J, Frank J, , Cornelissen C, Marquardt Y, Czaja K, Wenzel J, Frank J,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory skin disease affecting 10\% to 20\% of children and 1\% to 3\% of adults in industrialized countries. Enhanced expression of IL-31 is detected in skin samples of patients with AD, but its physiological relevance is not known. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the role of IL-31 in skin differentiation. METHODS: We used human 3-dimensional organotypic skin models with either primary keratinocytes or HaCaT keratinocytes with inducible IL-31 receptor α to evaluate the effect of IL-31. The consequences were studied by using histology, the expression of markers analyzed by immunofluoresence and quantitative RT-PCR, and gene expression arrays. RESULTS: We observed that IL-31 interferes with keratinocyte differentiation. Gene expression analysis revealed a limited set of genes deregulated in response to IL-31, including IL20 and IL24. In HaCaT keratinocytes with inducible IL-31 receptor α, IL-31 inhibited proliferation upon induction of IL-31 receptor α by inducing cell cycle arrest. As in primary cells, IL-31-treated HaCaT cells elicited a differentiation defect in organotypic skin models, associated with reduced epidermal thickness, disturbed epidermal constitution, altered alignment of the stratum basale, and poor development of the stratum granulosum. The differentiation defect was associated with a profound repression of terminal differentiation markers, including filaggrin, an essential factor for skin barrier formation, and a reduced lipid envelope. The highly induced proinflammatory cytokines IL-20 and IL-24 were responsible for part of the effect on FLG expression and thus for terminal differentiation. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that IL-31 is an important regulator of keratinocyte differentiation and demonstrates a link between the presence of IL-31 in skin, as found in patients with AD, and filaggrin expression. Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Allergy Clin Immunol and referenced in Immunogenetics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

OMICS International Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version