alexa IL-6 and IL-1 synergistically enhanced the production of MMPs from synovial cells by up-regulating IL-6 production and IL-1 receptor I expression.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Suzuki M, Hashizume M, Yoshida H, Shiina M, Mihara M

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Abstract In the present study, we investigated potential synergism between IL-6 and IL-1 for the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by the synovial cell line SW982. Cells were cultured with different combinations of IL-6, soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) and IL-1beta for 24h and production of MMPs was then measured. IL-6+sIL-6R, but not IL-6 alone, induced MMP-13 and MMP-3 production. IL-1beta also induced production of MMPs. Of interest, addition of IL-6+sIL-6R together with IL-1beta synergistically increased MMP production. Next, we analyzed the mechanism responsible for the synergistic effects of IL-6+sIL-6R and IL-1beta in combination. IL-1beta-induced MMP production was significantly augmented in the presence of sIL-6R. IL-1beta as well as IL-6+sIL-6R induced IL-6 production. Moreover, IL-6+sIL-6R significantly augmented expression of IL-1RI, but not IL-1RII, in SW982 cells. Responsiveness to IL-1beta was much higher in IL-6+sIL-6R-pretreated cells than non-treated cells in terms of MMP production. Finally, IL-6+sIL-6R-induced IL-1RI expression was inhibited by a STAT pathway inhibitor, but not a MAPK pathway inhibitor. These results suggest that increased expression of IL-1RI stimulated by IL-6+sIL-6R and the increased production of IL-6 on exposure to IL-1beta and IL-6+sIL-6R are involved in the observed synergistic effect on the production of MMPs by SW982 cells. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Cytokine and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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