Author(s): Serada S, Fujimoto M, Mihara M, Koike N, Ohsugi Y,
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Abstract The development of Th17 cells is a key event in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a murine model of human multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies have demonstrated that an IL-6-dependent pathway is involved in the differentiation of Th17 cells from naïve CD4-positive T cells in vitro. However, the role of IL-6 in vivo in the development of Th17 cells in EAE has remained unclear. In the present study, we found that IL-6 blockade by treatment with an anti-IL-6 receptor monoclonal antibody (anti-IL-6R mAb) inhibited the development of EAE and inhibited the induction of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) peptide-specific CD4-positive, CD8-positive, and Th17 T cells, in inguinal lymph nodes. Thus, the protective effect of IL-6 blockade in EAE is likely to be mediated via the inhibition of the development of MOG-peptide-specific Th17 cells and Th1 cells, which in turn leads to reduced infiltration of T cells into the CNS. These findings indicate that anti-IL-6R mAb treatment might represent a novel therapy for human MS.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis