alexa IL-7 drives Th1 and Th17 cytokine production in patients with primary SS despite an increase in CD4 T cells lacking the IL-7Rα.
Dentistry

Dentistry

Dentistry

Author(s): Bikker A, Moret FM, Kruize AA, Bijlsma JW, Lafeber FP,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To study the phenotypic characteristics of and the balance between systemic IL-7 receptor (IL-7R)α+ and IL-7Rα- Tregs in primary SS (pSS) patients as compared with control subjects and to assess the functional consequences this has for (IL-7-induced) T-cell activation. METHODS: The functional properties of IL-7Rα+ and IL-7Rα- (CD25+) CD4 T cells from pSS patients were tested in vitro. Expression of CD25 and FoxP3 by IL-7Rα+ and IL-7Rα- CD4 T cells from pSS patients and healthy controls (HCs) were assessed. Also, the net ex vivo T-cell cytokine production and the capacity of IL-7 to activate total CD4 T cells from pSS patients compared with HCs in vitro was tested. RESULTS: IL-7Rα+ T cells from pSS patients strongly proliferated and their numbers were slightly reduced compared with HCs. This reduced number was caused by an increase in both anergic and suppressive IL-7Rα- CD25+ T cells expressing high levels of FoxP3, but also by increases in IL-7Rα- CD25- CD4 T cells that only moderately expressed FoxP3. This altered balance in IL-7Rα+ and IL-7Rα- CD4 T cells was accompanied by unchanged ex vivo Th1, Th2 and Th17 cytokine production of total CD4 T cells. Furthermore, the increased numbers of IL-7Rα- CD25+ T cells did not prevent specific IL-7-induced Th1 and Th17 cytokine production by IL-7Rα+ T cells. CONCLUSION: IL-7Rα+ cells are highly proliferating cells that respond strongly to IL-7 despite an increased number of IL-7Rα- T cells that express FoxP3 and CD25. The recent finding that IL-7 and IL-7Rα+ T cells were both found to be increased in exocrine glands of pSS patients indicates that IL-7 could contribute to glandular inflammation by activation of IL-7Rα+ responder T cells despite the increased numbers of Tregs. This article was published in Rheumatology (Oxford) and referenced in Dentistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords