alexa Imaging brain amyloid of Alzheimer disease in vivo in transgenic mice with an Abeta peptide radiopharmaceutical.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Lee HJ, Zhang Y, Zhu C, Duff K, Pardridge WM

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Abstract Abeta 1-40 is a potential peptide radiopharmaceutical that could be used to image the brain Abeta amyloid of Alzheimer disease in vivo, should this peptide be made transportable through the blood-brain barrier in vivo. The blood-brain barrier transport of [ 125 I]-Abeta 1-40 in a transgenic mouse model was enabled by conjugation to the rat 8D3 monoclonal antibody to the mouse transferrin receptor. The Abeta 1-40 -8D3 conjugate is a bifunctional molecule that binds the blood-brain barrier TfR and undergoes transport into brain and binds the Abeta amyloid plaques of Alzheimer disease. App SW /Psen1 double-transgenic and littermate control mice were administered either unconjugated Abeta 1-40 or the Abeta 1-40 -8D3 conjugate intravenously, and brain scans were obtained 6 hours later. Immunocytochemical analysis showed abundant Abeta immunoreactive plaques in the brains of the App SW /Psen1 transgenic mice and there was a selective retention of radioactivity in the brains of these mice at 6 hours after intravenous administration of the conjugate. In contrast, there was no selective sequestration either of the conjugate in control littermate mouse brain or of unconjugated Abeta 1-40 in transgenic mouse brain. In conclusion, the results show that it is possible to image the Abeta amyloid burden in the brain in vivo with an amyloid imaging agent, provided the molecule is conjugated to a blood-brain barrier drug-targeting system. This article was published in J Cereb Blood Flow Metab and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

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