Author(s): Sundaram B, Kreml R, Patel S
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Abstract Coronary artery anomalies (CAA) are uncommon congenital variations in coronary anatomy, occurring in 0.2\% to 1.2\% of the general population, the majority of which are detected incidentally and have little clinical significance. A minority of CAA, primarily due to an interarterial course, is clinically significant, and may present with symptoms of myocardial ischemia, malignant ventricular arrhythmias, and even sudden cardiac death. Until recently, CAA were primarily detected at catheter coronary angiography. With recent advances in multidetector computed tomography (CT) technology and the use of electrocardiographic gating, coronary CT angiography provides an exquisite omnidimensional display of the anomalous coronary arteries and their relation to the adjacent structures noninvasively, and is the diagnostic test of choice. Understanding CAA morphology and clinical significance of CAA is important for establishing a diagnosis, and is essential for appropriate patient management and treatment planning. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Radiol Clin North Am
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research