Author(s): Blanke P, Baumann T, Langer M, Pache G
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To prospectively investigate the feasibility, image quality and radiation dose estimates for computed tomography angiography (CTA) of the pulmonary veins and left atrium using prospective electrocardiography (ECG)-triggered sequential dual-source (DS) data acquisition at end-systole in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation undergoing radiofrequency ablation. METHODS: Thirty-five patients (mean age 66.2 +/- 12.6 years) with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation underwent prospective ECG-triggered sequential DS-CTA with tube current (250 mAs/rotation) centred 250 ms past the R-peak. Tube voltage was adjusted to the BMI (<25 kg/m(2): 100 kV, >25 kg/m(2): 120 kV). Presence of motion or stair-step artefacts was assessed. Effective radiation dose was calculated from the dose-length product. RESULTS: All data sets could be integrated into the electroanatomical mapping system. Twenty-two patients (63\%) were in sinus rhythm (mean heart rate 69.2 +/- 11.1 bpm, variability 1.0 +/- 1.7 bpm) and 13 (37\%) showed an ECG pattern of atrial fibrillation (mean heart rate 84.8 +/- 16.6 bpm, variability 17.9 +/- 7.5 bpm). Minor step artefacts were observed in three patients (23\%) with atrial fibrillation. Mean estimated effective dose was 1.1 +/- 0.3 and 3.0 +/- 0.5 mSv for 100 and 120 kV respectively. CONCLUSION: Imaging of pulmonary vein anatomy is feasible using prospective ECG-triggered sequential data acquisition at end-systole regardless of heart rate or rhythm at the benefit of low radiation dose.
This article was published in Eur Radiol
and referenced in OMICS Journal of Radiology